Is the primary network protocol TCP/IP and performs two major functions-fragmentation/reassembly datagrams (datagram)-data blocks and their addressing to send through a system of interconnected networks. Uses the IP address to locate the path to the destination. This process is called routing.
IP module receives data segments from the protocols of the transport layer-TCP or UDP and packages them in the datagram, which then routes the IP module to host secondary or intermediate host. Module IP destination deploys segments from a specified and passes them to the final module to TCP or UDP.
An important part of the IP protocol is Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Internet Control Message Protocol, although from the perspective of the architecture it runs on top of IP, that IP uses to transfer data, like TCP and UDP. ICMP is an auxiliary Protocol and provides diagnostic and error message delivery and network saturation.
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